Acute viral hepatitis

Acute viral hepatitis is a form of viral infection caused most commonly by Hepatitis A virus in India. Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that can cause mild to severe illness. The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food and water or through direct contact with an infectious person. Almost everyone recovers fully from hepatitis A with a lifelong immunity. However, a very small proportion of people infected with hepatitis A could die from fulminant hepatitis. Waterborne outbreaks are usually associated with sewage-contaminated well water or inadequately treated water. 

Symptoms

Symptoms of hepatitis A range from mild to severe, and can include fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark-coloured urine and jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and of the eyes). Not everyone who is infected will have all of the symptoms.   

DIAGNOSIS

You may use bubblenet symptom checker and give accurate answers to the questions provided. An LFT or Liver Function Test may be done to further know the degree of hepatitis and to accurately diagnose hepatitis. You may speak to your doctor to confirm the diagnosis with further antibody tests. 

TREATMENT

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A. Recovery from symptoms following infection may be slow and may take several weeks or months. Most important is the avoidance of unnecessary medications. The most important thing is to prevent dehydration. You should take plenty of oral fluids in small intervals to prevent excess fatigue. Your doctor may prescribe a medicine to stop you from vomiting. Please avoid  pain killers to avoid further damage to your liver. Also do not take alcohol. 

PREVENTION

If you are not experiencing any typical symptoms of viral hepatitis, you can always come back again and recheck using our symptom checker if you are having any symptoms. Please use safe clean drinking water, and wash hands after you use any public areas.

  • The risk of hepatitis A infection is associated with a lack of safe water, and poor sanitation and hygiene (such as dirty hands).   
  • Epidemics can be explosive and cause substantial economic loss. 
  • A safe and effective vaccine is available to prevent hepatitis A.   Safe water supply, food safety, improved sanitation, hand washing and the hepatitis A vaccine are the most effective ways to combat the disease.   

Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. The virus is primarily spread when an uninfected (and unvaccinated) person ingests food or water that is contaminated with the faeces of an infected person. The disease is closely associated with unsafe water or food, inadequate sanitation and poor personal hygiene.    Unlike hepatitis B and C, hepatitis A infection does not cause chronic liver disease and is rarely fatal, but it can cause debilitating symptoms and fulminant hepatitis (acute liver failure), which is often fatal. 

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